What is it that connects the Cologne Cathedral with the Pyramids of Giza, Mont Saint-Michel with the Taj Mahal, or the Inca city of Machu Picchu in Peru with the Ngorongoro Crater in Tanzania? They are all testimonies to past cultures, artistic masterpieces and unique natural landscapes, the demise of which would be an irreparable loss for all of humanity. Protecting these treasures is not solely the responsibility of a single state; instead, it is the responsibility of the international community.
In 1972, UNESCO adopted the ‘Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage’ – the World Heritage Convention. There are now 191 Signatory States to the Convention. It is the most important international instrument ever adopted by the international community to protect its cultural and natural heritage.
The UNESCO World Heritage List comprises more than 1,000 natural and cultural sites around the world.
Germany is represented on the list with 40 World Heritage Sites. The ‘Luther Memorials in Eisleben and Wittenberg’ have been part of this since 1996.